The President, Nigerian Association of Nephrology, Dr Adanze Asinobi, has expressed worry over the increasing number of Nigerians suffering from chronic kidney disease.
Asinobi, spoke at the association’s Scientific Conference and Annual General meeting on Wednesday in Kano.
She said the conference with the theme, “Current Concepts in Acute Kidney Injury Prevention and Management” was apt and geared towards reducing the disease burden in the country.
According to her, the association members across the country gathered in Kano to deliberate on current trends in the prevention and treatment of kidney disease or kidney injury.
She pointed out that the management of chronic kidney disease was capital intensive, beyond the reach of the poor and middle-income earners, hence the need for stakeholders’ collaboration to reduce the burden.
“We have a huge burden of acute kidney disease and is increasing in prevalence as countries around the world cannot cope with the cost of treatment,” she said.
Asinobi, therefore, called on the government to provide equipment in health facilities for the treatment of kidney diseases, urging corporate organisations and stakeholders to also assist in that direction.
She also made a case for kidney care to be included in the National Health Insurance Scheme in order to lessen the burden of the cost of treatment for the patient.
Other sub-themes of the conference include the Use of Continuous Renal Replacements Therapies in Developing countries, Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Origin, and Pregnancy-related Acute Kidney Injury.
Diphtheria: Causes and how it spreads
The Federal Government on Monday, confirmed the spread of 7,202 cases of diphtheria across 105 Local Government Areas in 18 states, including the Federal Capital Territory.
The confirmed cases were recorded in Kano with 6,185 cases, Yobe (640), Katsina (213), Borno (95), Kaduna (16), Jigawa (14), Bauchi (eight), Lagos (eight), FCT (five), Gombe (five), Osun (three), Sokoto (three), Niger (two), Cross River (one), Enugu (one), Imo (one), Nasarawa (one) and Zamfara (one).
The Federal Government stated that 5,299 of the confirmed cases, which is 73.6 per cent, occurred among children aged one to 14 years with those aged five to 14 years bearing most of the brunt of the disease.
Diphtheria is a serious infection caused by strains of bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheriae that make a toxin. It is the toxin that can cause people to get very sick.
Below are the important things to know about the causative factors of the disease and how it affects human.
Diphtheria is a serious infection caused by strains of bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheria that make a toxin. It is the toxin that can cause people to get very sick. Diphtheria can infect the respiratory system, which includes parts of the body involved in breathing. When the bacteria get into and attach to the lining of the respiratory system, it can cause weakness, sore throat, mild fever, swollen glands in the neck.
It can also infect the skin, causing open sores or ulcers. However, diphtheria skin infections rarely result in severe disease.
How it spreads to others
1. Diphtheria bacteria spread from person to person, usually through respiratory droplets, like from coughing or sneezing.
2. People can also get sick from touching infected open sores or ulcers.
3.Those at increased risk of getting sick include; people in the same household.
4. People with a history of frequent, close contact with the patient.
5. People directly exposed to secretions from the suspected infection site (e.g., mouth, skin) of the patient.
How to reduce risk
Close contacts of someone with diphtheria should,
1. Receive antibiotics to prevent them from getting sick.
2. Parents to ensure that their children are fully vaccinated against diphtheria with the three doses of diphtheria antitoxin-containing pentavalent vaccine given as part of Nigeria’s childhood immunisation schedule.
3. Healthcare workers should maintain a high index of suspicion for diphtheria and practice standard infection prevention and control precautions while handling all patients in their care.
4. All healthcare workers (doctors, nurses, laboratory scientists, support staff etc.) with a high level of exposure to cases of diphtheria should be vaccinated against diphtheria.
4. Individuals with signs and symptoms suggestive of diphtheria should promptly present to a healthcare facility or designated diphtheria treatment centres.
6. If discovered, healthcare workers should notify their LGA, State Disease Surveillance Officer, their State Ministry of Health helpline, or the NCDC through our toll-free line on 6232.
Residents raise the alarm over Penis snatchers in Nasarawa State
Residents of Nasarawa state have raised the alarm over the mysterious disappearance of the manhoods of some innocent young boys in the state through alleged diabolic means.
A video that has gone viral said not less than 14 males have fallen victim. Their penis disappeared through a mere conversation or interaction with yet-to-be-identified penis snatchers on the loss.
The latest incident occurred four days ago in Doma Road Lafia town, the Nasarawa State capital. An eyewitness said he decided to post the picture on the internet to warn the public to be careful.
My Mass Communication Degree did not waste – Singer, Simi
Popular singer, Simisola Kosoko aka Simi has stated that even though she is not using her Bachelor of Arts Degree in Mass Communication, it is not a waste. Recall that Simi bagged a Mass Communication degree from the prestigious Covenant University, but tossed her certificate aside for the mic. According to Simi, her Mass Communication degree didn’t waste even though she has never used the certificate. Obviously, impressed by how she communicates through her music and social media, Simi took to her Twitter handle to brag, “At least my Mass Comm degree did not waste.” Over the years, a cross section of Nigerian entertainers who are lawyers, doctors, engineers have come out to say they abandoned their academic qualifications to chase their passion in the entertainment industry.
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